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Dabbs, Hickman, Hill & Cannon, LLP


319 South Main Street, PO Box 727

Statesboro, GA 30459

Phone: 912-764-6951


325 Tattnall Street

Savannah, GA 31401

Phone: 912-233-9004

July 2022

Cost Segregation Studies For Real Estate

Cost Segregation Studies For Real Estate

While the straight-line method of expensing real estate costs is most commonly used by real estate investors, completing a cost segregation study may be worth consideration to help reduce taxable income and increase operating cash flow.

A cost segregation study identifies personal property asset groups that would typically be depreciated as one group (e.g., a building). For example, instead of using this lump-sum group, an engineer, with the help of a tax professional, will break the building down into different structural components, like a roof, windows, electrical fixtures, and HVAC systems.

According to the IRS, nonresidential buildings have a 39-year life. That generally means you’ll write off the cost of the building over 39 tax years. But, with cost segregation, parts of that building would fall into different tax categories and could be written off quicker, lowering your taxable income in earlier years.

For example, improvements to land for things like fences, sidewalks and shrubbery have a 15-year life. That means you could deduct those costs over 15 years, instead of over 39 years.

You might also find other tax breaks from completing a cost segregation study. The Commercial Building Energy Efficiency tax deduction is available for certain real estate owners who make energy efficient improvements to HVAC and lighting systems.

Cost segregation studies can cost several thousand dollars, so making sure it’s a wise use of your company’s cash is vital. Also, you’ll want to be able to hold the property for at least five years to receive a payoff. That’s because when the short-life assets found in a study are sold, they can be subject to the depreciation recapture rules that tax the gain at ordinary income tax rates instead of favorable capital gain rates.

When depreciating your real estate investment, there are multiple factors to consider, including bonus depreciation and Section 179. So, you’ll want to talk through all your options with your tax professional.


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