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The Chwast CPA Group, P.C.

Certified Public Accountants


445 Broad Hollow Road, Suite CL-43

Melville, NY 11747


Phone: 631-424-5200

November 2021

Nuts and Bolts of Exchange-Traded Funds

Nuts and Bolts of Exchange-Traded Funds

An exchange-traded fund (ETF) can add diversity to your investment portfolio.

An ETF is created to track the value of an underlying asset (like gold) or index (like the S&P 500). It purchases and bundles together the appropriate stocks, bonds, commodities or currencies and then sells shares of this package to investors.

Unlike mutual funds, which are bought and sold at the end of the day, ETFs can be traded throughout the day. And while actively managed mutual funds can see more turnover of the underlying assets, creating capital gains, ETFs are generally passively managed. They don’t incur much buying and selling. Also, ETFs usually have lower fees than mutual funds and lower investment minimums.

When you buy stock, you’re investing in one company. But with an ETF, you’re investing in a basket of securities providing greater diversification. And because ETFs are professionally managed, you can spend less time researching and selecting individual investments.

Consult your financial professional to discuss whether ETFs are suitable for your portfolio.


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